Article Abstract

The cardioprotective effect of interleukin-11 against ischemia- reperfusion injury in a heart donor model

Authors: Yusaku Tamura, Hiroki Kohno, Tomomi Mohri, Yasushi Fujio, Goro Matsumiya

Abstract

Background: Previously, we have demonstrated the cardioprotective effect of interleukin (IL)-11 in animal models of acute coronary syndrome. In this study, we sought to evaluate its cardioprotective potential during prolonged hypothermic global ischemia and subsequent reperfusion using a rat heart donor model.
Methods: IL-11 was administered intravenously 10 minutes before harvesting the rat heart. The hearts were preserved in cold (4 ℃) Krebs-Henseleit buffer for 6 hours, and then attached to a Langendorff perfusion apparatus and reperfused with an oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit solution containing IL-11. Normal saline was used instead of IL-11 in the control group. Functional recovery of the reperfused heart was observed by using a left ventricular balloon. Myocardial cell injury was quantified by measuring the biomarkers collected from the coronary effluent. Apoptotic cells were identified and counted using the terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining technique.
Results: IL-11 administration improved myocardial function after 6 hours of cold ischemia. Although there were no significant differences in any of the baseline-measured values between the two groups, left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and changes in left ventricular pressures (dP/dt) were significantly higher in the IL-11 group at 120-minute reperfusion. The number of TUNEL-labeled cardiomyocytes was also significantly smaller in the IL-11 group.
Conclusions: The administration of IL-11 showed a significant recovery of cardiac contractile function after 6 hours of cold ischemia. Our data suggest that it may have significant therapeutic potential for maintaining the functional viability of the heart exposed to prolonged hypothermic global ischemia.



Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery (Ann Cardiothorac Surg. Print ISSN 2225-319X; Online ISSN 2304-1021).
Copyright © 2009 - 2017 AME Publishing Company. All Rights Reserved.