Role of imaging in novel mitral technologies—echocardiography and computed tomography
As minimally invasive cardiovascular procedures gain popularity, novel transcatheter mitral valve repair devices continue to emerge. The success of these technologies is critically dependent on high quality imaging performed at all stages: patient selection, intervention planning, intraprocedural guidance, monitoring complications and follow-up. We present an overview of specific imaging requirements and challenges applicable to mitral valve interventional techniques. Modern valve imaging is multimodal and primarily combines echocardiography and computed tomography (CT). Echocardiography remains the gold standard for detailed anatomic imaging, complete hemodynamic characterization and real-time guidance and evaluation of procedural success. CT is indispensable for mitral annulus (MA) imaging and in predicting left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction post transcutaneous mitral valve replacement (TMVR). 3D modeling, fusion imaging and automated image analysis may further contribute to the evolutionary transformation of valvular heart imaging.