Transcatheter interventions for functional mitral regurgitation
Mitral regurgitation is considered the most prevalent valve disease in the United States and its incidence is increasing due to the aging population. Surgical mitral valve repair and replacement are effective at reducing regurgitation due to ischemia, but many patients with secondary mitral regurgitation do not undergo surgery because they are too high risk. Transcatheter devices that mimic surgical techniques are rapidly being developed to reduce the risks traditionally associated with surgical mitral valve repair and replacement. Despite the challenges posed by complex anatomy and multiple etiologies of mitral valve pathology, early results of transcatheter mitral repair and replacement indicate that they have the potential to increase the number of patients with secondary MR who are candidates for intervention.