Sternotomy versus thoracotomy lung transplantation: key tips and contemporary results
The purpose of this report is to provide an updated description of the technique of bilateral sequential lung transplant via median sternotomy. A sternotomy provides the advantage of less morbidity than the clamshell incision, as well as exposure to perform mechanical circulatory support and concurrent cardiac procedures. Our experience shows that lung transplantation via a midline sternotomy can be done with equivalent to better short-term outcomes than a clamshell incision, including earlier extubation and fewer transfusions. Familiarity with this technique is important for all surgeons managing end-stage lung disease.