Pediatric ventricular assist device registries: update and perspectives in the era of miniaturized continuous-flow pumps
The success of ventricular assist devices (VADs) in the treatment of end-stage heart failure in the adult population has led to industrial innovation in VAD design, focusing on miniaturization and the reduction of complications. A byproduct of these innovations was that newer generation devices could have clinical applications in the pediatric population. Over the last decade, VAD usage in the pediatric population has increased dramatically, and the newer generation continuous flow (CF) devices have begun to supplant the older, pulsatile flow (PF) devices, formerly the sole option for ventricular assist in the pediatric population. However, despite the increase in VAD implants in the pediatric population, patient numbers remain low, and the need to share data between pediatric VAD centers has become that much more important for the continued growth of VAD programs worldwide. The creation of pediatric VAD registries, such as the Pediatric Registry for Mechanical Circulatory Support (PediMACS), the European Registry for Patients with Mechanical Circulatory Support (EUROMACS) and the Advanced Cardiac Therapies Improving Outcomes Network (ACTION) has enabled the collection of aggregate data from VAD centers worldwide, and provides a valuable resource for clinicians and programs, as more and more pediatric heart failure patients are considered candidates for VAD therapy.