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The Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery is an international peer-review journal that keeps cardiothoracic surgeons up to date with advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular and thoracic diseases. We publish original scientific reports of clinical research, including randomized controlled trials, prospective studies and institutional or multi-institutional reports, and basic science research.

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Vol 13, No 3 (May 31, 2024): Aortic Annular Enlargement

Implanted size and structural valve deterioration in the Edwards Magna bioprosthesis

Douglas R. Johnston, Christopher Mehta, S. Christopher Malaisrie, Abigail S. Baldridge, Duc T. Pham, Benjamin Bryner, Melissa G. Medina, Stephen Chiu, Kevin E. Hodges, Patrick M. McCarthy

Effective orifice diameter: a new sizing parameter of surgical valve prostheses to inform valve selection

Changfu Wu, Chad Green, Salvador Marquez, Paolo Monelli, Craig Weinberg, Matthew Weston, Patricia Lawford, Duke Cameron, Ajit Yoganathan, Ulrich Steinseifer

Changes in aortic root dimensions post aortic root enlargement with Y-incision and modified aortotomy

William Truesdell, Corina Ghita, China Green, Heather Knauer, Bo Yang, Nicholas S. Burris

Comparison of the short-term outcomes between Y-incision aortic annular enlargement and traditional aortic annular enlargement techniques

Alexander Makkinejad, Joanna Hua, Kenneth R. Hassler, Katelyn Monaghan, Karen Kim, Shinichi Fukuhara, Himanshu J. Patel, Bo Yang

Vol 13, No 2 (March 29, 2024): Atrial Fibrillation Management II

Atrial fibrillation symptom reduction and improved quality of life following the hybrid convergent procedure: a CONVERGE trial subanalysis

Jaswinder Gill, Karl J. Crossen, Christopher Blauth, Faraz Kerendi, Saumil R. Oza, Anthony R. Magnano, Mark A. Mostovych, Michael E. Halkos, David Tschopp, Jose Osorio, Paul Tabereaux, William Boedefeld, Kenneth Civello, Syed Ahsan, John Yap, Sreedhar Billakanty, Steve Duff, Otto Costantini, Eric Espinal, Andy Kiser, Christian Shults, David Pederson, James Garrison, David M. Gilligan, Michael G. Link, Marcin Kowalski, Christopher Stees, Jason S. Sperling, Israel Jacobowitz, Felix Yang, Yisachar J. Greenberg, David B. De Lurgio

Vol 12, No 6 (November 27, 2023): Aortic Disease in Women

Trends in sex-specific differences following aortic arch repair: results from the Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative

Jennifer Chia-Ying Chung, Nitish Bhatt, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Rashmi Nedadur, Marina Ibrahim, Kiera Liblik, Michael W. A. Chu, Maral Ouzounian; the Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative (CTAC)

Outcomes of cardiothoracic surgery in women with Turner syndrome

Lucas Ribé, Ferial D. Shihadeh, Rana O. Afifi, Anthony L. Estrera, Siddharth K. Prakash

Male-female differences in contemporary elective ascending aortic surgery: insights from the Netherlands Heart Registration

Arjen L. Gökalp, Carlijn G. E. Thijssen, Jos A. Bekkers, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, Ad J. J. C. Bogers, Guillaume S. C. Geuzebroek, Saskia Houterman, Johanna J. M. Takkenberg, Mostafa M. Mokhles; the Cardiothoracic Surgery Registration Committee of the Netherlands Heart Registration

Vol 12, No 5 (September 28, 2023): Spinal Cord Protection

Safety of cerebrospinal fluid drainage in descending and thoracoabdominal aortic replacement surgery

Afsheen Nasir, Mohammad A. Zafar, Mohamed Abdelbaky, Dimitra Papanikolaou, Hesham Ellauzi, Maryam Shaikh, Bulat A. Ziganshin, John A. Elefteriades

Vol 13, No 1 (January 30, 2024): Atrial Fibrillation Management I

Prognostic implication of left atrial strain in patients experiencing early recurrence of atrial fibrillation after totally thoracoscopic ablation

Jihoon Kim, Kina Jeon, Sung-Ji Park, Dong Seop Jeong, Suryeun Chung, Minjung Bak, Darae Kim, Eun Kyoung Kim, Sung-A Chang, Sang-Chol Lee, Seung Woo Park

Vol 12, No 4 (July 31, 2023): Three Decades of Aortic Valve-Sparing Operations II

Biomechanics and clinical outcomes of various conduit configurations in valve sparing aortic root replacement

Yuanjia Zhu, Matthew H. Park, Pearly K. Pandya, Charles J. Stark, Danielle M. Mullis, Sabrina K. Walsh, Joo Young Kim, Catherine A. Wu, Basil M. Baccouche, Seung Hyun Lee, Abakar S. Baraka, Hyunchel Joo, Shin Yajima, Stefan Elde, Y. Joseph Woo

Valve-sparing operations after Ross procedure: a single-center experience

Jama Jahanyar, Bardia Arabkhani, Luca Zanella, Laurent de Kerchove, Peter I. Tsai, Gaby Aphram, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Gebrine El Khoury

Outcomes of aortic root replacement in patients with Marfan syndrome: the role of valve-sparing and valve-replacing approaches

Joseph S. Coselli, Irina V. Volguina, Lynna Nguyen, Susan Y. Green, Scott A. LeMaire, Marc R. Moon

Outcomes of aortic valve repair with the reimplantation technique and maintenance of commissural orientation

John J. Kelly, Nimesh D. Desai, William L. Patrick, Brittany J. Cannon, Yu Zhao, Selim Mosbahi, Mikolaj Berezowksi, Amit Iyengar, Wilson Y. Szeto, Joseph E. Bavaria

Vol 12, No 3 (May 31, 2023): Three Decades of Aortic Valve-Sparing Operations I

Aortic valve-sparing procedure in the pediatric population

Yves d’Udekem, Eiri Kisamori, Shuta Ishigami, Igor E. Konstantinov

Three decades of reimplantation of the aortic valve—the Brussels experience

Jama Jahanyar, Laurent de Kerchove, Bardia Arabkhani, Peter I. Tsai, Gaby Aphram, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Gebrine El Khoury

Reimplantation of the aortic valve in patients with tricuspid aortic valve: the Toronto General Hospital experience

Christopher M. Feindel, Chun-Po Steve Fan, Joy Park, Maral Ouzounian, Tirone E. David

Remodeling of the aortic root—a 28-year journey

Karen B. Abeln, Tristan Ehrlich, Lennart Froede, Christian Giebels, Hans-Joachim Schäfers

Vol 12, No 2 (March 31, 2023): Uniportal Robotic-Assisted Thoracic Surgery II

Biportal robotic surgery for anterior mediastinal mass

Jeong In Hong, Jun Hee Lee, Hyun Koo Kim

Comparison of uniportal robotic-assisted thoracic surgery pulmonary anatomic resections with multiport robotic-assisted thoracic surgery: a multicenter study of the European experience

Veronica Manolache, Natalia Motas, Mugurel Liviu Bosinceanu, Mercedes de la Torre, Javier Gallego-Poveda, Joel Dunning, Mahmoud Ismail, Akif Turna, Marina Paradela, Georges Decker, Ricard Ramos, Johanes Bodner, Dionisio Espinosa Jimenez, Patrick Zardo, Alejandro Garcia-Perez, Anna Ureña Lluveras, Daniel Pantile, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas

Vol 12, No 1 (January 31, 2023): Uniportal Robotic-Assisted Thoracic Surgery I

Uniportal robotic versus thoracoscopic assisted surgery: a propensity score-matched analysis of the initial 100 cases

Marina Paradela, Alejandro Garcia-Perez, Ricardo Fernandez-Prado, Mercedes de la Torre, Maria Delgado, Mugurel Liviu Bosinceanu, Natalia Motas, Veronica Manolache, Javier Gallego-Poveda, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas

Hybrid uniportal robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery staplers: technical aspects and results

Haoran E, Chenlu Yang, Jun Wu, Junqi Wu, Long Xu, Tao Wang, Lei Zhang, Gening Jiang, Yuming Zhu, Chang Chen, Deping Zhao

Vol 11, No 6 (November 29, 2022): Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery II

Robotic and endoscopic mitral valve repair for degenerative disease

Akhil Rao, Karissa Tauber, Wilson Y. Szeto, W. Clark Hargrove, Pavan Atluri, Michael Acker, Todd Crawford, Michael E. Ibrahim

Robotic mitral valve repair in National Taiwan University Hospital: 10-year results

Nai-Kwan Chou, Yi-Chia Wang, Chi-Hsiang Huang, Nai-Hsin Chi

Robotically assisted mitral valve surgery—experience during the restart of a robotic program in Germany

Ulrich F. W. Franke, Franziska Huether, Mihnea Ghinescu, Melisa Ortega Gaviria, Magdalena I. Rufa, Marc Albert, Adrian Ursulescu, Nora Goebel

Robotic mitral valve repair—the Bruxelles experience

Gaby Aphram, Giovanni Melina, Philippe Noirhomme, Laurent De Kerchove, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Maureen Klepper, Gebrine El Khoury, Emiliano Navarra

Vol 11, No 5 (September 30, 2022): Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery I

Robotic mitral valve replacement; results from the world’s largest series

Gokhan Arslanhan, Sahin Senay, Muharrem Kocyigit, Ahmet Umit Gullu, Cem Alhan

Two hundred robotic mitral valve repair procedures for degenerative mitral regurgitation: the Yale experience

Andrea Amabile, Alyssa Morrison, Michael LaLonde, Ritu Agarwal, Makoto Mori, Irbaz Hameed, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Caroline Komlo, Sigurdur Ragnarsson, Markus Krane, Arnar Geirsson

Vol 11, No 4 (July 29, 2022): Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Aortic root replacement in bicuspid versus tricuspid aortic valve patients

Josephina Haunschild, Zara Dietze, Antonia van Kampen, Khadzhimurad Magomedov, Martin Misfeld, Sergey Leontyev, Michael A. Borger, Christian D. Etz

Twenty-five years’ experience with root remodeling and bicuspid aortic valve repair

Lennart Froede, Karen B. Abeln, Tristan Ehrlich, Susanne K. Feldner, Hans-Joachim Schäfers

Surgery for endocarditis in patients with bicuspid aortic valves

Lisa O. F. Bearpark, Ulrik Sartipy, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Natalie Glaser

Elastin integrity in bicuspid valve-associated aortopathy is associated with altered biomechanical properties and influenced by age

Miriam Nightingale, David G. Guzzardi, Alex J. Barker, S. Chris Malaisrie, Patrick M. McCarthy, Michael Markl, Elena S. Di Martino, Paul W. M. Fedak

Vol 11, No 2 (March 31, 2022): PTE in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension and Disease

Pulmonary endarterectomy in severe chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: the Toronto experience

Marc de Perrot, Karen McRae, Laura Donahoe, Etienne Abdelnour-Berchtold, John Thenganatt, John Granton; the Canadian CTEPH Working Group

Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy: The Marie Lannelongue Hospital experience

Olaf Mercier, Clément Dubost, Amélie Delaporte, Thibault Genty, Dominique Fabre, Delphine Mitilian, Antoine Girault, Justin Issard, Arash Astaneh, Jean-Baptiste Menager, Gaelle Dauriat, Sacha Mussot, Mitja Jevnikar, Xavier Jais, Marc Humbert, Gérald Simonneau, Philippe Dartevelle, Iolando Ion, François Stephan, Philippe Brenot, Elie Fadel

Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: the Spanish experience

María Jesús López-Gude, Isabel Blanco, Victoria Benito-Arnáiz, Manel Castellà, Pilar Escribano-Subías, Clara Martin, Joan Albert Barberà, José María Cortina-Romero

Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy—the Royal Papworth experience

David P. Jenkins, Steven S. Tsui, John Taghavi, Pradeep Kaul, Jason Ali, Choo Ng

Vol 11, No 3 (May 31, 2022): Surgical & Non-Surgical Management of Mechanical Complications of AMI

Surgical repair of post-infarction ventricular free-wall rupture in the Netherlands: data from a nationwide registry

Matteo Matteucci, Daniele Ronco, Justine M. Ravaux, Giulio Massimi, Michele Di Mauro, Saskia Houterman, Jos Maessen, Cesare Beghi, Paolo Severgnini, Roberto Lorusso; on behalf of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Registration Committee of the Netherlands Heart Registration

Vol 11, No 1 (January 24, 2022): Thoracic Aortic Endovascular Solutions II

Heart team approach for comprehensive management of aortic coarctation in the adult

Lee Hafen, William P. Shutze, Srinivasa Potluri, John J. Squiers, J. Michael DiMaio, William T. Brinkman

Endovascular therapy for patients with heritable thoracic aortic disease

Alice Le Huu, Jacqueline K. Olive, Davut Cekmecelioglu, Subhasis Chatterjee, Hiruni S. Amarasekara, Susan Y. Green, Joseph S. Coselli, Ourania Preventza

Vol 10, No 6 (November 28, 2021): Thoracic Aortic Endovascular Solutions I

Vol 10, No 5 (September 29, 2021): Transcatheter Valve-in-Valve

Transcatheter pulmonic valve implantation in adult patients with prior congenital heart surgery

Zachary A. Spigel, Iki Adachi, Ziyad M. Binsalamah, Dhaval Parekh, Athar M. Qureshi

Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for degenerated stentless aortic bioroots

Davut Cekmecelioglu, Ourania Preventza, Kathryn G. Dougherty, Subhasis Chatterjee, Susan Y. Green, Guilherme V. Silva, Jose G. Díez, Joseph S. Coselli

Hemodynamic outcomes after valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement: a single-center experience

R. Yazan Kherallah, Srikanth Koneru, Zvonimir Krajcer, Ourania Preventza, Kathryn G. Dougherty, Melissa L. McCormack, Briana T. Costello, Stephanie Coulter, Neil E. Strickman, Juan Carlos Plana Gomez, Ali Mortazavi, Jose G. Díez, James J. Livesay, Joseph S. Coselli, Guilherme V. Silva

Transapical transcatheter mitral valve implantation in patients with degenerated mitral bioprostheses or failed ring annuloplasty

Alina Zubarevich, Marcin Szczechowicz, Konstantin Zhigalov, Philipp Marx, Alexander Lind, Rolf Alexander Jánosi, Tienush Rassaf, Sharaf-Eldin Shehada, Rizwan Malik, Markus Kamler, Matthias Thielmann, Bastian Schmack, Arjang Ruhparwar, Alexander Weymann, Daniel Wendt

Access options for transcatheter mitral valve implantation in patients with prior surgical bioprosthesis

Laura Besola, Anson Cheung, Jian Ye, Myriam Akodad, Andrew Chatfield, Gnalini Sathananthan, Robert Moss, John Webb

Vol 10, No 4 (July 30, 2021): Ross Procedure

Outcomes of reoperations after Ross procedure

Paul Stelzer, Javier Mejia, Elbert Eugene Williams

Long-term outcomes of the Ross procedure in adults

William H. Ryan, John J. Squiers, Katherine B. Harrington, Tammy Goodenow, Courtney Rawitscher, Justin M. Schaffer, J. Michael DiMaio, William T. Brinkman

The reinforced full-root technique for the Ross operation: surgical considerations and operative insights

Markus Liebrich, Efstratios I. Charitos, Christoph Dingemann, Detlef Roser, Joerg Seeburger, Wolfgang Hemmer, Vladimir Voth

Ross operation after failure of aortic valve repair

Karen B. Abeln, Vincent Chauvette, Nancy Poirier, Shunsuke Matsushima, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Hans-Joachim Schäfers

Vol 10, No 3 (May 31, 2021): Continuous-Flow MCS in End-Stage Heart Failure II

Impact of extra-corporeal life support (ECLS) cannulation strategy on outcome after durable mechanical circulation support system implantation on behalf of durable MCS after ECLS Study Group

Diyar Saeed, Evgenij Potapov, Antonio Loforte, Michiel Morshuis, David Schibilsky, Daniel Zimpfer, Julia Riebandt, Federico Pappalardo, Matteo Attisani, Mauro Rinaldi, Davide Pacini, Assad Haneya, Faiz Ramjankhan, Dirk W. Donker, Ulrich P. Jorde, Wolfgang Otto, Julia Stein, Dmytro Tsyganenko, Ameen Al-Naamani, Radi Wieloch, Rafael Ayala, Jochen Cremer, Michael Borger, Artur Lichtenberg, Jan Gummert

Development of tricuspid regurgitation and right ventricular performance after implantation of centrifugal left ventricular assist devices

Johanna Mulzer, Hristo Krastev, Christoph Hoermandinger, Alexander Meyer, Thomas Haese, Julia Stein, Marcus Müller, Felix Schoenrath, Christoph Knosalla, Christoph Starck, Volkmar Falk, Evgenij Potapov, Jan Knierim

Computational sentiment analysis of an online left ventricular assist device support forum: positivity predominates

Melissa A. Austin, Abhiraj Saxena, Thomas J. O’Malley, Elizabeth J. Maynes, Henry Moncure, Nathan Ott, H. Todd Massey, Francesco Moscato, Antonio Loforte, John M. Stulak, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili

Vol 10, No 2 (March 31, 2021): Continuous-Flow MCS in End-Stage Heart Failure I

Sex differences in outcomes following less-invasive left ventricular assist device implantation

Silvia Mariani, Tong Li, Karl Bounader, Dietmar Boethig, Alexandra Schöde, Jasmin S. Hanke, Jana Michaelis, L. Christian Napp, Dominik Berliner, Guenes Dogan, Roberto Lorusso, Axel Haverich, Jan D. Schmitto

Concomitant cardiac surgery procedures during left ventricular assist device implantation: single-centre experience

Julia Riebandt, Anne Schaefer, Dominik Wiedemann, Thomas Schlöglhofer, Günther Laufer, Sigrid Sandner, Daniel Zimpfer

Metabolomic profile of patients with left ventricular assist devices: a pilot study

Filippo Consolo, Luigi Barberini, Claudia Fattuoni, Dmitry Grapov, Andrea Montisci, Federico Pappalardo

Vol 10, No 1 (January 29, 2021): Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement

Transapical off-pump echo-guided mitral valve repair with neochordae implantation mid-term outcomes

Gino Gerosa, Matteo Nadali, Lorenzo Longinotti, Matteo Ponzoni, Raphael Caraffa, Alessandro Fiocco, Nicola Pradegan, Laura Besola, Augusto D’Onofrio, Eleonora Bizzotto, Roberto Bellu, Denas Gentian, Andrea Colli

Is tri-port totally thoracoscopic surgery for mitral valve replacement a feasible approach?

Kai Liu, Hourong Sun, Biao Wang, Hongliang Ma, Bingbing Ma, Zengshan Ma

Combining echocardiographic and anatomic variables to predict outcomes of mitral valve repair with the NeoChord procedure

Erica Manzan, Danila Azzolina, Dario Gregori, Eleonora Bizzotto, Andrea Colli, Gino Gerosa

Long-term outcomes of etiology specific annuloplasty ring repair of ischemic mitral regurgitation

Tomasz A. Timek, Marcin Malinowski, Robert L. Hooker, Jessica L. Parker, Charles L. Willekes, Edward T. Murphy, Theodore Boeve, Stephane Leung, Justin S. Fanning, John C. Heiser

Vol 9, No 6 (November 27, 2020): Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation in degenerated aortic bioprostheses: are patients with small surgical bioprostheses at higher risk for unfavourable mid-term outcomes?

Clarence Pingpoh, Holger Schroefel, Tanja Franz, Martin Czerny, Maximilian Kreibich, Martin Moser, Christoph Bode, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Franz-Josef Neumann, Willibald Hochholzer, Matthias Siepe

Vol 9, No 5 (September 30, 2020): Sutureless and Rapid Deployment Aortic Valve Replacement II

Conduction disorders after aortic valve replacement with rapid-deployment bioprostheses: early occurrence and one-year evolution

Augusto D’Onofrio, Chiara Tessari, Lorenzo Bagozzi, Federico Migliore, Claudia Filippini, Giorgia Cibin, Rita Pesce, Annalisa Francescato, Gino Gerosa

Conduction disorders after aortic valve replacement: what is the real impact of sutureless and rapid deployment valves?

Paolo Berretta, Luca Montecchiani, Fabio Vagnarelli, Mariano Cefarelli, Jacopo Alfonsi, Carlo Zingaro, Filippo Capestro, Michele D. Pierri, Alessandro D’alfonso, Marco Di Eusanio

Vol 9, No 4 (July 28, 2020): Sutureless and Rapid Deployment Aortic Valve Replacement I

Sutureless and rapid deployment implantation in bicuspid aortic valve: results from the sutureless and rapid-deployment aortic valve replacement international registry

Antonio Miceli, Paolo Berretta, Antonio Fiore, Martin Andreas, Marco Solinas, Giuseppe Santarpino, Utz Kappert, Martin Misfeld, Carlo Savini, Alberto Albertini, Emmanuel Villa, Kevin Phan, Theodor Fischlein, Bart Meuris, Gianluca Martinelli, Kevin Teoh, Carmelo Mignosa, Malakh Shrestha, Thierry P. Carrel, Tristan D. Yan, Mattia Glauber, Marco Di Eusanio

Right anterior mini-thoracotomy and sutureless valves: the perfect marriage

Marco Solinas, Giacomo Bianchi, Francesca Chiaramonti, Rafik Margaryan, Enkel Kallushi, Tommaso Gasbarri, Filippo Santarelli, Michele Murzi, Pierandrea Farneti, Alessandro Leone, Simone Simeoni, Egidio Varone, Federica Marchi, Mattia Glauber, Giovanni Concistrè

Outcome of rapid deployment aortic valves: long-term experience after 700 implants

Iuliana Coti, Thomas Haberl, Sabine Scherzer, Paul Werner, Shiva Shabanian, Alfred Kocher, Guenther Laufer, Martin Andreas

Vol 9, No 3 (May 29, 2020): Frozen Elephant Trunk

Hybrid arch frozen elephant trunk repair: evidence from the Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative

Maral Ouzounian, Ali Hage, Jennifer Chung, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Vincent Chauvette, Francois Dagenais, Andreanne Cartier, Mark Peterson, Alana Harrington, Munir Boodhwani, Ming Guo, John Bozinovski, Stephanie Fox, Linrui Guo, Michael W. A. Chu, on behalf of the Canadian Thoracic Aortic Collaborative

Renal protective effect of the aortic balloon occlusion technique in total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk

Bowen Zhang, Yanxiang Liu, Hongwei Guo, Yunfeng Li, Yi Shi, Shenghua Liang, Hong Liu, Xiaogang Sun

Results of frozen elephant trunk from the international E-vita Open registry

Konstantinos Tsagakis, Davide Pacini, Martin Grabenwöger, Michael A. Borger, Nora Goebel, Wolfgang Hemmer, Alvaro Laranjeira Santos, Thanos Sioris, Kazimierz Widenka, Petar Risteski, Jorge Mascaro, Igor Rudez, Andreas Zierer, Carlos A. Mestres, Arjang Ruhparwar, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Heinz Jakob

Is the frozen elephant trunk technique justified for chronic type A aortic dissection in Marfan syndrome?

Yu Chen, Wei-Guo Ma, Jian-Rong Li, Jun Zheng, Yong-Min Liu, Jun-Ming Zhu, Li-Zhong Sun

Open total arch replacement with trifurcated graft and frozen elephant trunk

Erik Beckmann, Andreas Martens, Wilhelm Korte, Tim Kaufeld, Heike Krueger, Axel Haverich, Malakh Shrestha
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